The main focus of Chapter.11 is how slavery became permanent. It wasn't like before where people could work their way out of it. It was more like once enslaved you remain enslaved. Even your kids are born into it.
The aristocracy in Virginia wanted most to keep their profits margins high, and this drove them to exploit the lowest class -- new freedmen -- as much as possible so that they couldn't compete with the established plantations and lower prices.
This chapter further explains the rising tensions between servants and their masters in colonial Virginia. In an effort to keep servants in servitude to exploit profit, certain rules and regulations shaped how servants were freed. Masters would prolong their servitude and would add on years for disorderly conduct, making it increasingly difficult to become a freedman.
We see here the divide between rich and poor begin to widen. The planters still needed high amounts of servants to work and took newly freed men or men about to be freed and created situations in which they were to be kept as servants. Chattel slavery is sure to follow.
Virginia planters continued to develop their dominance. They engaged in competition with other planters, artisans, and freedmen; but with their control of government, they could suppress the lower classes and further develop Virginian society with a ruling aristocratic class: just like in England.
In this chapter, the divide between servants and masters continued to occur. Masters ensured that land became increasingly more expensive and less suitable for farming, thus making it harder for servants to own land. The goal was to make it nearly impossible for servants to survive and live on their own, in hopes that they would instead choose to continue their servitude.
As the colonies of Virginia began to expand and develop, the separation between the rich and the poor increased drastically. We can see an increase of power in the "upper class" as servants were kept in servitude longer due to this power asserted over them by those above them and the lack of suitable land they could receive.
As the amount of freed servants in Virginia began to increase, the availability of land began to decrease because prices went up. Freed servants would rather stay as servants than take the risk of finding decent land and making a profit out of it. This was the main goal of the overseers of the servants and would eventually lead to the the system of slavery.
There was a larger deviation between the rich planters and the poor servants, and the rich often tried to keep the poor down and extend the sentences of their servants, as they needed manpower on their farms.
In this chapter, the Virginians further compete against the incoming competition (the newly freed indentured servants). The divide between the wealthy and poor became more stronger. This was because the wealthy class was in charge of the government, and so they were able to stay ahead...
As Virginian's dependency on human labor continued to grow, the separation between the rich and poor, free and enslaved continued to grow as well.
Farmers wanted to profit from sales, so they exploited indentured servants and the poorer class to produce product faster and cheaper to have the lowest prices.