The articles main idea was that initially black indentured servants were not treated differently until race was used as a justification for the poor treatment of slaves.
This is definitely an argument of the book but not necessarily this chapter. Did our discussion last week help to better frame your understanding of the author's argument?
In the early days of colonial Virginia, the Virginians endeavored to model their society as best they could to English society, and one part of that is how they looked at servitude and immigration. The colony had not existed long enough for the culture to deviate much from their English model (in the societal sense) at first. Specifically, people imported as slaves were treated as indentured servants in the colony, not chattel slaves, thus in many instances masters who imported Negro slaves allowed them to be able to earn their freedom after their indentured period was over.
The increased dependence on pasture farming in southern colonies led to a need for manpower, which ultimately would lead to more slavery. Also, throughout the 1600s slaves were not treated differently based on race, and many black slaves were still able to purchase freedom. It would be later that the racial slavery would intensify.
I believe the main argument was that the settlers wasted time on cash crops, that needed to be regularly maintained for long periods of time, and used indentured servitude to tend to them. Then, after settling, there was more and more people coming from all over, including africans that were free, slaves and servants that had almost equal rights as farmers which led to, presumably, farmers wanting to cash in on slavery and cut rights.
The Virginian's beginning of their economy and society went through changes that led to class systems and hostility. The slavery that they experienced was mostly small range servitude, but led to widespread slavery.
Settling down is essentially boiled down to one main topic. The Virginian's were becoming increasingly dependent on the labor of other people whether it be African people or their own indentured servants.
The development of a societal and economic system in Virginia was based on the English system but varied in agricultural practices. Pasture farming and tobacco created a dependence on human labor, which in turn made it necessary to have a system of indentured servitude in place.
Dependency on pasture-farming in American colonies led to a dependency on human labor. Although black servants were not originally treated more severely than others, the idea that servants were the property of their owners emerged during this time period.
The articles main argument is surrounded around the idea of an imbalance of power based on race. As Virginians worked to mirror their previous life in England, it eventually led to an economic and social imbalance, which ultimately led to the system of indentured servitude.
In early Virginia, settlers worked hard to replicate the their lives in England. However, this led to an imbalance of economics and power in the colony.
The Virginian's creation of an established settlement in the new world led to the implication of indentured servitude due to the increased need for workers in various trades, but this was not based on race during this time.
Virginia & England basically created this system in which they needed slaves in every way, shape and form. They even enforced a Defense Law which is why this system was running. There was even a power struggle between who was in charge.
The main idea of this article was explaining how Virginia and England created a system in the colonies that required mass labour. England sent their poorest people into indentured servitude, as well as Africans. Factors such as power struggles, laws that didn't protect farmers crops, and the high demand of product, allowed this system to work.
This chapter describes how Virginia's residents used livestock and crop production to create income and more importantly, provide sustenance for the colony. This influx of farming required farmhands, thus creating the perfect niche for slaves. The author is setting the stage for a system of slavery which will later take place in the colonies.